volcanic gas effects

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Gases derived from volcanoes have severe detrimental impacts on vegetation; direct exposure to volcanic gases over a long term period is lethal to most plant life (McGee, 1997). 2013).Millions more people have been impacted by volcanic gas, with effects ranging from respiratory irritation to neurological impacts, to crop failure and famine. The carbon dioxide released by volcanic activity is a greenhouse gas. Potential effects of volcanic gases. About: Causes and Effects of volcanic eruption Introduction It is already known that volcanic eruption can cause cooling effects on earth by throwing sulfuric acid droplets and ash particles into the atmosphere that eventually block sunlight. Volcanic gases are probably the least showy part of a volcanic eruption, but they can be one of an eruption's most deadly effects. Chronic exposure to H2S in geothermal areas was associated with increases in nervous system and respiratory diseases. The most common gas released by volcanoes is simple water vapor, or steam. If the acid droplets are large enough, they prevent heat from escaping Earth's atmosphere. At low levels, gases can irritate the eyes, nose, and throat. Amounts of these gases vary widely from one volcanic eruption to the next. Volcanic gases have claimed directly the lives of >2000 people over the past 600 years (Auker et al. Although gases usually blow away rapidly, it is possible that people who are close to the volcano or who are in the low-lying areas downwind may be exposed to levels that may affect health. No studies on health effects of volcanic releases of halogen gases or metal vapors were located. Other common volcanic gases include carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide, along with various hydrogen compounds. That results in higher temperatures, an element of the greenhouse effect. Hazards closer to the volcano include pyroclastic flows, mudslides, gas and steam flows, earthquakes, air explosions and tsunamis. Volcanic ash is composed of fine particles of fragmented volcanic rock (less than 2 mm diameter). Volcanic eruption ejects sulfur dioxide gas into the atmosphere. The effects of volcanoes on the environment depend on climate patterns, the overall scale of the eruption and how much the gases spread. It is formed during volcanic explosions, from avalanches of hot rock that flow down the side of volcanoes, or from red-hot liquid lava spray. Some impacts were on a large scale, affecting several countries (e.g., Laki fissure eruption in Iceland in 1783-4). Gas exhalations from volcanic fields are widespread and historical accounts suggest that already since antiquity the effects were noted by people. Sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide and hydrogen are released in smaller amounts. Water vapor, the most common gas released by volcanoes, causes few problems. 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